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EDET677 Reflection–EQ: How have you, and will you, continue to “Learn the 21st Century” and allow your students this experience in your classroom?

Aleta May

Week 11 Reflection EDET677

Best practice strategy instruction is part of making, creating, and coding. Subjects are interdisciplinary. And known strategies that work for the teacher as the facilitator and mini-lesson explicit instructor may and should be combined with creative making (like art with LEDs; and building prototypes about what they are reading) to express learning.

Here is a video clip about a high school that has combined reading instruction with history and is using a strategy approach called reciprocal teaching in high school—this was posted only 3 months ago:

Through designated roles in the reading process, one student reads, another summarizes, other questions, while another predicts what’s going on next make sense of reading. They rotate through those roles. They benefit from the input of other students. Pre-reading with ideas, themes to build schema. The teacher rotates to each group. They usually need the most instruction in summarizing. They use sentence stems.

I had found a jigsaw strategy video clip for my initial post and thought about how this could apply to some of the ideas of the makerspace and working together in a group. As I now add into my reflection the strategy of reciprocal teaching, I can see many ways the structure of best practice protocols can and should be woven together with students working in small groups to help and learn from each other in small groups to begin structured working together in areas such as coding. One student may set up the Arduino, while another explains the instructions, and another adjust the code as needed and another takes notes on their findings. Then these roles could be summarized, and students could try on different roles.

Comments from classmates from my post:

josies677blog says:  July 31, 2016 at 1:58 pm (Edit)


Great information on your post. Using your students as a resource to say updated is a great avenue that I did not think of. I agree that we need to exercise our brains instead of using so many automated tools. Your strategy model from Dr. Pravin Bhatia did provide good in depth steps on how to organize teaching.

I loved it when the brain games became a trend. We use these games and other board games at our house for family bonding time. It is a great way to exercise our brains.


aletakmay says:  July 31, 2016 at 7:36 pm (Edit)


I love hearing about your family bonding time and how you use brain games. Today our daughter is getting married, and we will have 4 children living in our house here in Oregon; 2 from our daughter and 2 from our new son I am very inspired from what you said to think about following your lead when we come back here this winter. Our grandkids range from 8 (in Sept) through 13. We also have students who spend a lot of time in the resource room with husband at school. If you could give me the names of brain games or ideas, that would be much appreciated.


Sara Lucas says:  August 1, 2016 at 3:35 am (Edit)

You found some really great videos to add to your blog. I like how they address the topic that the world is changing and we need to evolve with it. We can’t stay stuck in the past. I like how in the video Andreas Schleicher makes the point that we don’t need to try to teach kids everything because Google already knows the answer. This made me chuckle. Rather trying to cram students brains full of information, we need to teach kids to apply their knowledge in new situations. The strategy by Dr. Pravin Bhatia is a great strategy. It sounds like what I have heard of as jigsaw. I didn’t think about using this in a makerspace, but it does sound like it would be perfect to wrap up students thoughts and share what they are learning.

Sara, I’m glad you enjoyed watching the video! It is so important that we teach kids how to access resources to teach themselves. It is amazing that we can speak into our phones or type a question into Internet/Google and find the answers! I believe there are good reasons to memorize, but to memorize names/dates/etc. In history, social studies and science seem irrelevant when we can simply access that information. It is much more important that we teach students about finding quality, reliable sources and comparing these to each other. It is also important to teach them to seek alternative perspectives.

My posts to classmates:


It is so true that technology spans a broad spectrum—from pencil to high-tech tablets. I still have a hard time thinking about a pencil as technology, yet it is a tool used for learning—thinking, drawing, problem-solving.

With so many options out there on the Internet for teachers, I just thought about how it may help us to take notes as to how we go through the process of narrowing down our choices for what is best for our students and selecting this. Then we may share this process with our students as they face the same issues. This reminds me of using think-alouds to allow students to learn from our processes we go through to comprehend text. We can think-aloud a recent process we went through to select an appropriate lesson for our students on a computer venue or lesson.



What a perfect list from Tsisana Palmer (2015). Thank you for sharing this.

I connected with the quote you placed in your blog from Dale Carnegie. Especially that “Inaction breeds doubt and fear. Action breeds confidence and courage.” This should be a motto on my emails.

When you stated that when students know more than we do, this allows us to shine, I thought to myself about how true this is. There seems to be a residual mindset among some students that if a teacher doesn’t know enough about a topic, they are no longer considered to be worthy of their time or respect. We need to change this. And like you said, there will “be times when we all struggle to figure something out.” Thank you for your insights!



It does seem to be very overwhelming to keep up with the enormity of the tasks and demands on instructional time; especially when we are asked to take on so many different things besides our position we actually contracted to do. Staying current through Twitter and Edutopia sound like a great idea.

Focusing on a Growth Mindset, especially in the fall, will set students up to your expectations; such as, they can and will do what is right.

The 5J approach you introduced is excellent advice! I especially like the one called just enough, the focus on gradually improving, becoming comfortable with new technologies and building confidence over practice sounds like a great focus that applies to the job-related, just in time, just in case, and just try it applications.

It seems to me that often we as professional educators are evaluated and rewarded in such ways as to compete, by convincing others and promoting ourselves as the most professional, confident educators; as if we are continually being interviewed. In reality, all of us need to be willing to grow, to help each other, and to just be willing to understand that we all have our own strengths—as well as all needing to grow. Educators need a Growth Mindset as well!



Reciprocal teaching in high school. WestEd iStudies 3 months ago. Retrieved on August 1st at:



EDET678: Reflection for Week 11

Aleta May

Reflection for EDET678 Emerging Technologies Week 11

Essential question: What specific policies will help your district prepare student for current and emerging technology use? How can you help lead your district in creating these policies?

At this site, our school district has a list of forms for acceptable use policies (AUP):

This particular AUP for students seems to have been recently been updated and more detailed since the last winter semester when I reviewed these. I want to find the version I was shown at that time and compare them next; especially since our Technology Assisted Instruction (TAI) Director had told me the policies were being updated for the 2016/17 school year at that time. Here is the current link:

Gerald made the statement that “it starts with a motivated teacher!” I agree. Motivation needs to come with support as well. This comes in many forms. Policies are a great way to start.

The Learning and Technology Policy Framework from Canada seems to be a great fit for our state of Alaska as well. Although each of the 5 policy directions has many details under each category, each school district will need to go through these with a careful eye for how and what applies to their district specifically. This may involve a few additions, deletions and rephrasing in order to make it work. Every district, and even each school, has unique qualities to consider.

I really like the way some school districts have made video training clips for their district’s AUP and divided these further into videos for teachers and other staff members and a separate one for students.



As I read what you wrote in your post: “School policies should be written in an easy format to comprehend,” I thought about how I found acceptable use policies (AUP) for teachers and other YouTube clips for students.

The balance between keeping students secure and not overly restricting the use of a variety of devices and Internet resources is difficult, but necessary if we are to move into the 21st Century technology skills use for our students.

Your post looks so clear and the way you applied each section of the to your school district helped me think more in depth about how our school (and district policy) should look.



I agree that it is so important to follow the district policies daily. At certain times of the school year, it is easy to relax on following these standards. We need to be vigilant on following policy and review these as a staff and with our students across the school year.

We do need to teach students to be responsible users of the Internet and follow acceptable use policy (AUP). Although it is not necessarily the easiest road to take, it is an important one. There will be students who continually test the system, and abuse it. Does this mean we should restrict everyone’s access? Though it may be difficult at times to locate the specific system abusers, we need to continually find ways to supervise students, and have a step plan for consequences and how we will solve the issue(s). One way is to have a point person in the school who can be talked to by students, anonymously, about issues such as cyberbullying and hacking around the schools safety net system.

Thank you for such a great post!



Equitable access to broadband is so important. In our school, it seems to me the best way for this is to improve our wifi access in the classrooms and to continue to increase to higher speed access, especially for high demand times. Student resources in my mind include not only devices to use, but human resources for using computers and iPads in ways never before considered in our school (Arduino and electronic coding training, as well as creative and artistic applications).

Blended distance learning in our school needs a designated person to oversee student progress. When this is added to classroom teachers in middle through high school, it is like teaching two classes at one time. The problem with this for our secondary teachers is that they are already teaching multiple subject areas throughout their day. Until we reach the point of interdisciplinary instruction, adding to the plate of our upper level teachers is too much to ask. Maybe I will be the designated person; who knows. Each year is a bit different for me.


EDET 678 Week 11: Essential question: What specific policies will help your district prepare student for current and emerging technology use? How can you help lead your district in creating these policies?

Aleta May

Initial Post for Emerging Technologies Week 11

EDET 678, Dr. Lee Graham

Essential question: What specific policies will help your district prepare student for current and emerging technology use? How can you help lead your district in creating these policies?

There are five Policy Directions detailed in the Learning and Tecnology Policy Framework (2013):

  • Policy Direction 1: Student-Centered Learning
  • Policy Direction 2: Research and Innovation
  • Policy Direction 3: Professional Learning
  • Policy Direction 4: Leadership (building capacity within the system to leverage technology for student-centered learning)
  • Policy Direction 5: Access, Infrastructure and Digital Learning Environments

In my estimation, our district is working to improve in all of these areas, and this is no easy task when it is across the great vast tundra of western Alaska. For each of the above categories listed above, there is a chart that lists detailed descriptions of what these look like. I believe that this framework would work well for our district as one to hold our special technological challenges up to.  I am visualizing our’s mirroring this framework. It is very important to note that Canada faces many of the same challenges we face in Alaska. For example, there are wide expanses of tundra, woods, mountains, rivers, that hold within these students who deserve the best education available. This means that reaching across the wide-expanse needs to involve close connections to Internet providers, satellite companies and for us an understanding of funding through E-Rate.

The E-Rate program was developed by federal policymakers. Telecommunications Act of 1996, the E-Rate program “is a discount on telecommunications services for schools and libraries “ and it is “overseen by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)” (Hess, Hochleitner & Saxberg, 2013). This program is up for expansion of provisions for high-speed Internet to 99 percent of America’s students by 2017” (Hess, et. al., p. 2). President Obama and his education team calls this “ConnectED.” This is major for our school district!! The higher speed of internet we have, the more the equipment we already has can be effectively used to make available courses and/or tutoring they need.

As a school district, we need to change “the culture of instruction” . . . “Technology does not change the cognitive rules for learning, but offers ways to better deliver the learning experience” (Hess, et. al., p.9). Our district (as well as many others across Alaska) needs to use technology in ways other than testing and pre-made programs. For example, I do use Lexia for reading, Dreambox for math, and we have Read 180 that is set up to be a blended learning environment with built in rotations. What we need to do district-wide (and perhaps beginning at our school) is strongly emphasized integrating technology into every subject area and use an interdisciplinary approach. I could be teaching science and use a breadboard not only to teach electronic circuitry, but to also calculate the difference between my body temperature in Celsius with other students, and we could discuss ambient room temperature and how that affects what we are seeing on the computer screen from the code that was copy and pasted in and then adjusted. Further, our students need to learn how to use coding—this may include gaming, which may in turn involve math or story telling.

Additionally, our district needs a policy that is very clear on how to appropriately use social media in school, safely. According to an interview in an article by Winske (2014), we need to prepare our students for appropriate use of social media, since they will be facing this in workplaces anyway. If we overly restrict or ban YouTube, Facebook in order to prevent the possibility of cyberbullying, we are removing the opportunity for students to learn how to handle situations. I agree with this quote,

“I actually think one of the things that might happen if you open these resources (social media, YouTube, etc.) to use in schools is not necessarily that you’re going to see more bullying, but that you might create an opportunity for a teacher to see something and say hey what’s going on? Is this common? Are you doing it? Is it being done to you? “ (Winske, 2014).

A strong acceptable use policy (AUP) will guide teachers and students to consistently teach and refer to rules already set in place, while simultaneously teaching appropriate formal use of Internet spaces and how this is different from informal uses away from school (and futuristically in their workplaces).

Basic Acceptable Use Policy Tech Training YouTube clip from Magnolia ISD’s Acceptable Use Policy for teachers:

Acceptable Use Policy for Kids created by Kaitlin Fajks using PowToon:


 Hess, F., Hochleitner, T., Saxberg, B. (2013). E-Rate, education technology, and school reform. American Enterprise Institude.

Minister of Education (2013). Learning and Technology Policy Framework. Edmonton, AB: Crown in Right of the Province of Albrta copyright. (2013).

Winske, C. (2014). Tips for creating technology policies for K-12.

YouTube Video Clips:

AUP Video Clip for Teachers:

Griffin, K (April 25, 2016). How to deal with Acceptable Use Policies & Cyberbullying in the classroom.  Retrieved 7-31-16 at:

AUP Video Clip for Students:

Fajks, K. (September 14, 2015) Acceptable Use Policy. Retrieved 7-31-16 at:  (created using powtoon: )


EDET677 Initial Post: Essential Question: How have you, and will you, continue to “Learn the 21st Century” and allow your students this experience in your classroom?

Aleta May

Week 11 Initial Post

EDET678 Mechanic Applications of Technology

Essential Question: How have you, and will you, continue to “Learn the 21st Century” and allow your students this experience in your classroom?

To begin answering this question, I have kept up with education by not stopping at a M. S. in Special Education, but additionally completing a Reading Specialist M.A. in 2015 and continuing on with an Instructional Design and Technology, M.A. The courses I am taking now are building my understanding of Constructionist and Constructivist theories of learning. In this present post, I am challenged by my reading to do what I know is a best practice; thematic, relevant, and motivational education. This, (i.e., teaching each subject separately without an understanding of how one connects to the other) does not work:

To overcome the status quo of teaching traditional knowledge due to “the overwhelming amounts of prescribed content for each school year that allow little time to address skills” (Fadel, 2016, p. 3), I can have a primary subject area focus, while weaving in other content areas. While doing so, I will need to keep “Higher-order skills such as the ‘4 Cs’—creativity, critical thinking, communication, and collaboration” (Fadel, p. 4) at the top of my list.

Additionally, at this siteI found a visual for what our students need. As an educator, I need to rise to the occasion and model integrating thematic/interdisciplinary instruction that leads us to “Imagine Deeper Learning.”

Imagine deeper learning in the 21st century.jpgSee slideshare link below and YouTube link for Curriculum Redesign.

As I challenge my students, I will focus on building character:

I will need to model for my students, as well as, help students develop a “Growth Mindset: Positing that talents and abilities can be developed through effort, good teaching, and persistence” (Fadel, p. 4).

Further, Dr Pravin Bhatia notes from (I took notes so you really do not need to watch this clip unless you want to.—I’ve seen this teaching strategy before recently and know it is a good one.

Become creative with good ideas. Draw ideas from students. Exercise our brain—stop using it mechanically only. Get away from long lecturing. What do we do then?

Here is a strategy model that can create a framework for organizing my teaching which Dr. Pravin Bhatia

  • Step 1 Divide students into groups of 6.
  • Step-2 Dividing the subject matter within those groups.
  • Step-3 Each group reads the portion allotted to it (silently read; better to read than to listen so they get the ideas even when they cant get the words.
  • Step-4 Each group discusses the topic (this discussion is the most important part). This is peer learning. The teacher goes from table to table group. The teacher clarifies difficulties.
  • Step –5 Each group then in turn, presents its portion to the whole class. (communication and analyze skills are learned by doing this)
  • Step-6 All students ask questions from the group. This is where the most analyzing come from..

I believe this model can be a framework for weaving in Makerspace activities, electronics, coding, explaining what worked and what did not work. Teachers and students reflect at the end of the day.

Student ownership of learning is major. Grant Lichtman at TEDxDenverTeachers noted this as well. “He also said schools need to be creative, dynamic, permeable, adaptive, relevant, and self-correcting.” Some schools are becoming adaptive and crossing subject boundaries. He found a student in Atlanta who is a 2nd Grader who told him, “we design, and build, and prototype, ideate, fail forward and fail upward.” As Lichtman said, and I agree, this child will never go back into the limited box of that industrial age model. I agree. My role is to push myself, so I will move even further away from that old model than I am now. Honestly, I have made somewhat of a pest of myself encouraging teachers to start using the blended learning model so that students get some part of their day growing from the level they are already at. So, I believe I can influence teachers further with what I have learned, and will continue to tinker with from this and the Emerging Technologies classes over this summer.


Bhatia, P., Dr. (November 20, 2014). A teaching technique for the 21st Century. TEDxNagpur:

Fadel, C. (2016). 21ST century competencies. Independent School, 75(2), pp. 20-26. Here is a YouTube link to a 1 hour 18 minute webinar by

Charles Fadel, published on March 8, 2016:

Lichtman, G. (2013).

Martinez, S. L. & Stager, G., Ph.D (2013). Invent to learn: Making, Tinkering and Engineering in the classroom. Torrance, CA: Constructing Modern Knowledge Press.

Storksdieck, M. (2016). Cultural Studies of Science Education, 11(1), pp. 167-182. -its-character-framework-complete-concise-clear-actionable-globally-relevant/

What should students learn for the 21st century? A four-dimensional education. ICenter for Curriculum Redesign. (February 1, 2016). Retrieved 7-27-16 at:

You Tube videos:

YouTube video for Center for Curriculum Redesign (CCR): What should students learn for the 21st century? A four-dimensional education (January 18, 2016). and…

You Tube video: A teaching technique for the 2ast Century Dr. Pravin Bhatia TEDxNagpur

Reflection for Week 10 EDET677 Essential Question: Why does “Lewis Angapak Memorial School (LAMS)” need a makerspace?

Aleta May

I really gave this initial post a lot of consideration. I have noticed that at the lower levels, there is a new emphasis on having students depend on each other more rather than sit and wait for a teacher. Also, I have noticed that teachers are beginning to incorporate the use of our computer programs for a blended learning environment. These are definitely improvements; and yet as an observer, I noticed that there is something more missing. Now, having been through this class, and this post in particular that causes me to pause and think about this; I am sure that making and all that it involves is one very big piece that is missing!

Making includes so much! Electronics, programming (making games, following codes for crafting and experimenting), it is now very difficult for me to imagine not including so many hands-on ways to express learning, incorporate new knowledge into their current schema, and move from the initial stage of learning on up through creating, inventing, and solving real world problems.

LAMS needs this! LAMS needs to incorporate the arts into learning, learn about programming / coding, and making as individuals and in groups; researching and asking peers for answers. At one school in Oconomowoc (WI), they started with one shared cart where they could spend one hour weekly in a makerspace in their own classrooms. Later, they had four carts. Since the materials and activity binders on the carts were available, the learning resource teacher said that “teachers design lessons around the materials that fit right into the curriculum” (Ullman, 2016). It started with one cart, and then gaining funding after this was much easier since students gained so much from the use. I believe LAMS teachers would use these if there were someone to write out the activities and manage supplies.

Following are replies to my Initial post and the alternating conversations that were generated:

I relate when you write about the fixed mindset of poor income students. I witness it daily in my class. I have also found these same students are my most resourceful. I see them as being more at ease and excited using a makerspace than my typical ‘A’ students. Sometimes the ‘A’ students are the ones who are most uncomfortable, because suddenly they aren’t quite sure what is expected of them. There isn’t a strict set of steps to how they earn their grade. I can totally imagine your kiddos bringing in items they have at home or that could be recycled to use in their tinkering. I am excited for you and your school to create a makerspace! I watched the video about Richard Turere and I am crazy inspired. I have already downloaded a copy for myself to show to my students. I think it is important for them to see other people their age doing amazing things. Thanks for the great post!

Reply to Catherine, who wrote on my post:


I am so glad you are inspired by that YouTube clip. Although it is 7 mins. it was so inspiring to me as well! One big need our students have is how to fix their bicycles–from chains to leaky tires. I wonder if the dump could start sorting trash into metals, like bicycles, with the idea in mind of reusing. Catherine, our kids are Can Do kids–and I am so proud of those ‘A’ students because often they swim against the odds in life. However, I’m ready to ‘shake it up’ as well.


Catherine’s Post and my response:


Since we have heard how we need to use higher-order problem-solving for several years now, I believe that slow turning wheel (or spiral) that supports teachers with makerspaces and supplies needed to have occurred a very long time ago. This is our time now. Of course the budgets at our schools will need to be dealt with—I suppose we will need to find those grants as well. Meanwhile, I am investing in myself by getting my own supplies so I can be “ready to go.”

I really like that you wrote about well-planned and established makerspaces.

That is a very strong statement—“the jobs of the future do not need scientists who have memorized the periodic table. . . they need to be creative, independent problem solvers. I will add that they need to also be collaborative problem solvers—group intellect. As I have mentioned in makerspace online in our sessions, I was a homeschool teacher/parent. One of my daughters attended community college instead of high school. She was taking chemistry at the same time her high school friend from the tennis team was. I fully believe the reason my daughter was learning at such a higher level, successfully, than that of her same age peer, was that the college course had many more hands-on applications to help students understand what that periodic table means. This tells me that we need to incorporate problem solving, hands-on learning at the high school level!!

Yes, making is a vessel to reach out to the community. Your statement here helped me visualize finding ways to make the lives of the elders more convenient through finding a need and making.

Thank you for a great post!



Great examples of recycling through e-waste! Environmental science at its best J When I was 16, I had a back surgery and a home tutor came by once a week with adapted lessons for me from teachers at the high school. One of my classes was arts and crafts. Since my mom was an itinerate art teacher in Anchorage for a couple of years, she had me covered. My assignment was to make it unique. I used weaving. Tree branches at the top and bottom provided my frame. Then I wove in everything, LOL. Pipecleaners, breadbags, left over yarn from my grandmother’s crochet basket. This piece of art reminds me now of a bird’s nest; from the kid’s book My Nest is Best. If electronics were the inspiration of that day, I’m sure Mom would have taught me how to light it up with LEDs.

I like the way Chibitronics helps learn the basics of electronics with paper. What great tree examples!

Yup, I want a wall mural with electronics now! I watched that dandelion video. Living out in a village is a perfect place to create beautiful wall décor without needing to try to have the typical store bought picture sent out in a large cumbersome box.

I am interested in the sewable electronics as well.   The FLORA looks like an easy way to get started.



I totally agree that there are Many barriers to teaching creatively!   More often than not, the grandiose ideas fall to the teachers who are asked to do and be more than ever before; being social workers is just one of those demands I’d like to add to your list. I think this is why I would like for an IT person to start me off with kits we can incorporate into our electronics, programming, problem solving and more—that weave into content areas across the grade levels. We have a very big job!

You have a great solution built in. We can begin engaging the students who are not typically doing well “in the traditional school system of taking tests.” Writing can be encourage along by storytelling with creating paper pictures or play dough circuitry.

One issue I have with the Common Core Standards is when administrators who evaluate us wear side blinders on their eyes and lock us into their perception of how these standards “should be focused on in certain ways.” With a little more peripheral vision, administrators can see us making these connections in a creative and engaging manner. We may need to start small and post the results of student learning wherever they can be seen, so it will catch on and spread. Also, you really had me thinking about how helping other teachers is so important. We share, we learn, all benefit.


Amy’s reply to my initial post:

tessiesim says


I also see students who are overly dependent on teacher support to do any tasks, and even to get started. Even in a small group, they can suck all of my time and energy or just sit when there is no one to directly help them. I agree that teaching a Growth Mindset and modeling it ourselves is important to get these students to try and realize that it’s okay to make mistakes. I like the stages you describe in transitioning to a Maker Model. It’s important that we scaffold this idea rather than expect overnight change in how our students function independently. I think your idea of starting with kits and more specific tasks is key to gradually letting them create more independently. I hope to hear more about how you implement these changes in your school.

My reply to Amy,


Scaffolding seems to make sense to me–and breaking the cycle at the early primary stages. Maybe this is where blended learning comes in as well. Students may need to work on computer assignments, then rotate to a making station. Again, time and grade level of students affects all of this. Also, teachers need IT support and kits at least in the beginning as part of that scaffold.

Thank you for your feedback, as it keeps my dreams into the top end of moving forward, but in a successful way teachers can manage.


Kate reflected and I replied:

katemullin17 commented on Initial Post Week 10, EDET677: Essential Question: Why does “Lewis Angapak Memorial School (LAMS)” need a Makerspace?

Aleta May Initial blog week 10 EDET677 Essential Question: Why does “Lewis Angapak Memorial School (LAMS)” need a …

I love your transitioning levels to get students to be independent users of the makerspace! In fact, I really enjoyed everything about your post: the video clip, the two different makerspaces for your school, and the idea that your students view the world differently than the textbook (absolutely!). I was prepared to write about one or all of these in depth, but then I got to the comments, and those are what truly grabbed my heart.

“Scaffolding seems to make sense to me–and breaking the cycle at the early primary stages.” The cycle of teacher dependence is so detrimental to students actually learning material. Discovery is such an important part of the process, but often educators just “spoon-feed” information as a means to cover all the material or simply because it is easier. Helping students understand their part in the process, their responsibility in being an active part of the learning process, is a very real challenge, especially when working with students use to the system of teacher-led learning.

I started my career as a secondary teacher in rural Alaska. I had never been more frustrated in my life. Each day, as I worked with my students who were barely able to read, who couldn’t write, who didn’t understand math, I wondered to myself, “Where did the system fail these kids?” (One example was the student who had passed prealgebra the previous year with an A by redoing the same eight lessons until she received 90% or better on each of those lesson…except there were 165 lessons to cover in the prealgebra curriculum, 157 of which she never did). I wasn’t ready to jump on the bandwagon of allowing minimal effort for full credit, further perpetuating the cycle, but as a first year teacher, I had no experience and very few resources to draw upon. To make matters worse, I kept hearing over and over, “They are just village kids,” as if to say they were born with different learning abilities than the rest of the kids in the world or they didn’t deserve to be educated at the same level.

This experience is what spurred me to return to the land of student loans to pursue a degree in elementary education. One cannot simply sit on the sidelines and hope for change to happen. I needed to be a part of that change. I needed to experience the difficulty of changing that fixed mindset, from my students, to their parents, to staff members. I taught the youngest students (K-3) and even this group showed resistance to owning their education, but over time and with a lot of hard work from ALL of us, this group of students learned to value their role in learning.

Every child deserves a great education, and the students at your school are lucky to have you!

Kate, You truly got to the point of what I have seen in our village schools. We did have someone come out the last two years to make sure teachers were focused on using computerized formative assessments to show growth. Though we saw some growth, one class seemed to need continual reminders that they “could do the work.” There was no time for discovery-education, however, since this elementary class only had half a day to teach a very required curriculum at two different grade levels.

Last year, a new science teacher for middle to high school asked us the same questions over and over–re: why can’t they do their work without help at this age? One major problem I saw was the extremely small room with no cabinets for science lab equipment. However, I did loan a Science Activity book to her I had at home in case I needed activity ideas for sped students I teach. And her interactive notebooks were awesome–the students referred back to them often.

Thank you for such encouraging words! Your school is very blessed to have you as well! Going back into debt to meet the needs where they start is a very, very big deal! Aleta



(May 2016). Trending: The latest news & stats affecting the K-12 edtech community. Top 10 Web Stories from

Which led to this article:

Ullman, E. (April 2016). Making the Grade: If you build it, they will create. How to take the concepts of the maker movement and use them into day-to-day classroom activity.


Reflection for Week 10, EDET678; Essential Question: How are electronics viable additions to “crafting” for today’s young person?

Aleta May

Reflection Post for Week 10


After such a wonderful day going to the coast and breathing in the fresh air, I am so refreshed!

How are electronics viable additions to “crafting” for today’s young person?

The answers to this question are so expansive, I cannot even imagine covering it all.

According to Wohlwend and Peppler (2015), “Playshops bring together childhoold strengths with school curricula in play, collaboration, new technologies, and a content area such as literature, arts, and sciences.

Further, they argue that children use play to open access to rigorous learning—new knowledge is connected to their personal experiences by learning with a variety of learners (Wohlwend & Peppler, 2015, 26). The picture from this article reminds me of the Ted Talk video clip I watched this week about how home made play dough is made more from salt and is more conductive of electrons than the store bought brands which are stiffer and made more from sugar. With positive and negative wires and electronic circuits.

Learning is not all rigor and no play! (1)

There is a “false dichotomy of reducing playtime in favor of more time to lern math and literacy. But pay can deepen learning even in core content areas” (Wohlwend, & Peppler, 2015, p. 22) I don’t agree that the Common Core forces schools into this false dichotomy—in fact, I believe the Common Core Standards (CCS) allow us to write our own curriculum as long as we can justify it with what is outlined that students need to learn at a variety of grade levels. In fact, I would reach further than both the authors of this article and the CCS and proclaim that we need to blend playtime styles of learning with CCS, thus exceed the expectations of both.

I have much experience with both teaching freely—then being pushed into a testing vortex …

I gained so much inspiration this week from reading other’s posts, commenting on these, participating in a Twitter Session and reading/watching pertinent video clips on how to weave play, electronic circuitry, and content areas into the learning process. This was a very inspiring week!

Discussions from Week 10’s Blog:


First, I really enjoyed reading your post! I really did not realize just how much technology has spread across the arts and wearable fashion. When our students have time for creating, they are amazing at it. From past experiences I have had with them, I believe this Bike Turn Signal Jacket would be awesome! Our students at Lewis Anagapak Memorial School would probably have different applications to their design; since they ride bikes usually in daylight (after the snow has melted). The issue is more about seeing kids walking on the boardwalk during daylight hours with 4-wheelers and snow machines riding by.

That craft site with beginner tutorials would awesome—especially projected onto a Smartboard and having students draw on the board.

Thank you for sharing that Chibitronics video!




Wasn’t Jie Qi’s dandelion painting beautiful. And yes—an awesome example of how we can incorporate art, technology (electronics) and science.

I noticed the classroom pack as well—but missed the educator discount. This sounds like a great deal for getting started. Then we can take off on our own as facilitators of teaching circuitry and art.


I replied to Daysha’s initial Post:


It seems like young kids will be very non-threatened by using Chibitronics. One problem we may encounter is that they will need to begin with those specific instructions, and likely want to jump ahead. If we as facilitators can control the urge to teach “why” (circuits, etc. ), and slow them down to follow directions for how to make it work first. Then the next project can be more of their own creation and some explanation of positives/negatives/ neutrons etc. woven in.

My bachelor’s degree was in Home Economics–Social Services. When you talk about uneven seams, this definitely brings back memories! Sewing with electronics is something I am going to do.

Play dough circuits sound so fun! AnnMaria Thomas: Hands-on science with squishy dough; demonstrated that homemade playdough has half the resistance (meaning it will conduct electricity) of commercial playdough. Sugardough has 150 times the resistance of salted dough. Combining these can mean parallel and series circuits, LED lights work when the legs are separated in the dough not work when the dough is pushed together.  So I bookmarked the links to the videos you shared:

Thank you for sharing the CircuitSticker Storytelling YouTube (Chibitronics): I saw the potential!

Daysha replied to my initial post:

daysha2016 says:

July 24, 2016 at 1:09 am

Aleta, I agree that crafting may be another avenue to teach electronics and programing to students who might not be interested in it otherwise. I also love the idea of the light up Kuspuks! What a great way to blend cultural traditions with new technologies! Can you imagine if they designed it to look like the northern lights?

I replied to her on my post:

Daysha, I had not even thought of the northern lights idea! A fading in and out on curved lines going down the back (especially in colors from whitish to greens! I was trying to think of using LEDs on the ric/rac zig/zag design they usually sew in, but didn’t really feel that was creative enough. We have group intellect going on here! Thank you for that, Daysha, because I am beginning to better understand how powerful that can be.



Wohlwend, K. & Peppler, K. (2015). All rigor and no play is no way to improve learning. Kappan, 96, pp. 22-26.,

EDET 678 Week 10: Essential Question: How are electronics viable additions to “crafting” for today’s young person?

Aleta May

Emerging Technologies

Initial Blog Post EDET678 Week 10

Essential Question; Week Ten: How are electronics viable additions to “crafting” for today’s young person?

There are some students who may be attracted to programming and electronics by using it for art and clothing, who would otherwise never be interested in electrical circuitry or computer programming. Going through to look over what is available for younger students through high school was very fun and very eye opening to me.

Specially designed Kuspuks might interest some of our students as well. This image was taken from Bing:



As I watched the light show of Qi’s Interactive light show, I saw nature expressed as clouds, the effect of time lapse and the overlapping of music and drawing. Then I saw Qi blow on the white puffs to watch the seeds disperse, generating new flowers— with the use of LED lights with sensors receptive to her breath, a science lesson was taught through art.

How beautiful it was to see that the drawings were exposed to be copper tape, buttons and what looked like a connecting piece that may have connected these copper conductors to microcontrollers. I clicked on the embedded link and learned that I was right about the circuitry being made up of microcontrollers, LEDs and of course microphones to produce the music. Programmable Paintings take in elements of art and painting, with the addition of “interactivity of electronics and computation” ( I clicked here for the sound code: This could be used much like the Arduino kit, but I would need to dig a little deeper to find out where to actually copy and paste the code or how to use it for a project with students.

I have a Circuit Sticker Sketchbook by Jie Qi that I recently received. I was excited to dig deeper into Qi’s Dandelion links to reach this link: This book is designed to build into the pages in the book. From there, there is a Sketchbook sample for creating a book that combines circuits + origami. I found out by going to the chibitronics store, they sell a classroom pack (for 30 students) for $110. This would be a good way to get kids started since it has templates to follow.

Designing electronics is generally cumbersome and expensive — or used to , until Leah Buechley and her team at MIT developed tools to treat electronics just like paper and pen. In this talk from TEDYouth 2011, Buechley shows some of her designs, including a paper piano you can sketch and then play. This came from Leah Buechley: How to “sketch” with electronics YouTube link: :

Mellis, (2014) Leah Buechley created the LilyPad Arduino. The projects sound like such a fun way to teach basic programming and electronics. Leah’s graduate student , Kanju Qiu, is a co-author with her for Sew Electrick: A collection of DIY projects that combine fabric, electronics, and programming. This quote really really stood out to me: “We aimed to design projects that are fun and whimsical but also complex and challenging. We assume that our readers have no previous experience, but limitless ability.” The projects listed for children in this article sound exactly like what I would like to try with our students.

I agree with Buechley that there is a strong “creative artistic medium” to sewing electric, and making “mass produced products” may occur, but then the personal uniqueness intrigue will be lost. Wow—she is drawing in on large-scale architectural work now—even designing a home and studio with her partner to develop a maker space. As Buechley articulated, “It’s wonderful to be soldering, programming, sewing, and painting again!” I can see myself doing this grandma style a year from Christmas break in our outside room Dan and I are building for ourselves next summer.

Using a LilyPad to communicate with a computer, students can “build a soft piano that plays music both on your computer and through a sewn-in speaker” in about 4-10 days. Electronic materials for this include: Lilypad Arduino simple snap, LilyPad speaker and protoboard, FTDI breakout board, conductive thread and a mini-USB cable.


As I looked over this FLORA Ardino Compatable Wearable platform, then read down to where it suggested a mico-lipo charger to reduce fire risks (especially with fabric), my first reaction is that they should just raise the price and put this into the set. When compared to the Lilypad, the FLORA is lighter, has bigger pads and the with larger holes that are easy to use with alligator clips (which many prefer to use). It is a Field Transmitter that now works with Arduino devices (and others) that have alligator clips. (7/13/2016).

The light up and flash skirt (with LEDs) is activated by the FLORA motion sensor. It is connected to with pixels through conductive thread that is all connected to the FLORA mainboard. The code can be adjusted for sensitivity to motion by changing one number. The battery is removed to hand-wash clothing. Air-dry all the way before adding the battery back in. This looks very popular for prom night:


Adafruit—FLORA – Wearable electronic platform: Arduino-compatible – v3. Flora arduino microcircuits (projects at the bottom):

Qi, J (2012). Interactive light painting: Pu gong ying tu (dandelion painting). Retrieved 7-17-2016 at: Sparkle skirt with flora motion sensor:

Buechley, L. (November 15, 2012). Leah Buechley: How to “sketch” with electronics (Sketching Electronics):  Retrieved 7-17-2016 at:  Ted Talks

Mellis, D. (Feb. 4th, 2014). Sew Electric with Leah Buechley—Interview.

Chibitronics (2014). Electronics for everyone: Create, craft, code with Chibitronics circuit stickers.


Fabric piano:

Einarson, E. (01.01.13). Go bionic with these wearable arduino projects. Retrieved 7-17-2016 at:

Soft Piano Image:

Picture for Kuspuk pictures were found on bing by typing in kuspuk images.


Initial Post Week 10, EDET677: Essential Question: Why does “Lewis Angapak Memorial School (LAMS)” need a Makerspace?

Aleta May

Initial blog week 10 EDET677

Essential Question: Why does “Lewis Angapak Memorial School (LAMS)” need a makerspace?

At Lewis Angapak Memorial School (LAMS), we serve a very, very high percentage of students who live in lower-income households. At the heart of a growth mindset is the students’ beliefs about whether “you can learn new things, but you can’t change a person’s intelligence” (Sparks, 2016, p. 2). Since “a growth mindset was a greater predictor of success for poor students than it was for their higher-income peers” (Sparks, 2016, p. 2), when persistence and grit were promoted, according to research completed by Claro, Dweck, and Paunesku in Chile with 168,000 10th Grade students. Students from poverty are more likely to have a fixed mindset, believing that they cannot change their skill sets or intelligence. I believe many students have this fixed mindset at LAMS.

For example, when new teachers come to our school to teach from an outside state, often I hear statements that reflect this fixed mindset. More specifically, the students have been taught overreliance on the teacher for help. Martinez & Stager (2013) have led me to realize that we are definitely not alone: “Kids have been taught through the years to expect teachers to spoon-feed them detailed recipes for success” (p. 190). What is even more eye opening is that “removing that safety net may cause some cognitive dissonance, especially for your most successful students” (Martinez & Stager, p. 190). We are on track in changing this at the elementary levels so that students have a growth mindset.

Furthermore, I believe incorporating technology and other creative making into the content areas will help students delve deeper into the meaning of what they are learning—in every content area. A Makerspace provides a place for creating with other students and can become a shared space that inspires students when they see other projects in the making.

At LAMS, we need two areas for Makerspaces. I have gone through this in more depth in another blog post; so in summary, one space would be for older students upstairs in our school with the more dangerous making tools while another would be in a portion of our library and in my room which is right next to the library.

To encourage a growth mindset across the grade levels this coming year, we need to begin with kits like the Arduino Circuits kits. For example, when students are taking physics this fall in 9th grade, there will be a section of the text devoted to learning about atoms, which fits exactly in with using kits to get started using hands on learning to build computational literacy. Students will learn programming and electronics (focusing on ‘how’) in the form of “material computational literacy” (Berland, 2016, p. 197) one of three components of computational literacy. Arduino Kits start students out with copy and paste code, and gradually build into adding code. Then our LAMS students need to discuss with each other and clearly articulate “to whom and for whom” through “social computational literacy.” The skills of explaining to others will build our students teaching and speaking skills along with technical skills. “Cognitive computational literacy” describes why (p. Berland, 197).

Specifically, students at LAMS may have a different way of viewing the world from the textbooks they encounter. “Schank argued that humans build up linked, recursive models (called scripts and schema) and learn when those models prove insufficient.” At LAMS, facilitated experimentation with “productive failure” in making and tinkering will guide our students toward how to analyze a problem through critique and evaluation. I appreciate how Berland states that “understanding the problem space—is a key move towards literacy rather than raw skill or knowledge” (p. 201).

Loertscher, Preddy, & Derry (2013) propose a model to describe a Maker, Using, Tinkering, Experimenting, and Creating (uTEC) Maker Model. This is how I visualize LAMS transitioning students from being teacher dependent to independent creating.

  • Beginning at the Using level, students “re-create something others have already created,” . . . follow “step-by-step instructions already developed by another to create . . . at the consuming level” (p. 3).
  • The Tinkering level, is a formative stage that involves “questioning the how  and why”; such as “altering code just to see what happens” (p. 3).
  • The Experimenting level, is where students leave behind things that others created and begin to design something new. This is the stage where “ideas begin to flow, trial and error are enacted as hour after hour slips by unnoticed” (p. 4). I want students at LAMS who are at this level to think critically and ask questions like: “I like this idea; not that. Does this work? What if? No, not right yet. . . . What if?” (p. 4).
  • At the highest level, Creating level, students will work to think independently and as a group to create “a novel product or design” p. 4). At this level, students share their intelligence as a collaborative group so that “what emerges is greater than the sum of the minds that created it.”

Here is an example of a young man in TED Talks developed through these stages from tinkering “In the Maasai community where Richard Turere lives with his family, cattle are all-important. But lion attacks were growing more frequent. In this short, inspiring talk, the young inventor shares the solar-powered solution he designed to safely scare the lions away.”

I agree with Berland who states that experimentation “requires prior understanding of the problem space . . . and with tinkering “learning what might happen through making semidirectedly and failing” . . . is “productive failure” (p. 201). The students at LAMS bring a perspective from their own environment that may require facilitating a bridge between what they know and understand within their own environment and what the textbook is teaching. Richard Turrere in the TED talks YouTube clip solved a problem with lions through an understanding of electronics he had built up over time. Being from different environments from the majority population does not equate a fixed mindset; rather it obliges the teacher (as well as administration’s responsibility to take responsibility for educating themselves on the importance of making at LAMS and the district level) to facilitate connecting that bridge.


Berland, M., Making, tinkering, and computational literacy (Chapter 12). In Makeology: Makers as learners (volume 2), (2016). Peppler, K., Halverson, E. R. and Kafai, Y. (Eds.). New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis.

Loertscher, D.V., Preddy, L., & Derry, B. (2013). Makerspaces in the school library learning commons and the uTEC maker model. Teacher Librarian, 41(2), pp. 48-51.

Martinez, S. L. & Stager, G. (Ph.D.) (2013). Invent to learn: Making, tinkering, and engineering in the classroom. Torrance, CA: Constructing Modern Knowledge Press.

Sparks, S.D. (July 20, 2016) . Growth mindset: How much can it counter poverty’s damage? Education Week’s Blogs

YouTube Video:

Turere, R. (Feb. 2013). My invention that made peace with lions. 7:20. TED. Retrieved 7-21-16.

Reflection Week 9, EDET677; Essential Question: What would you need to coordinate a “Maker Day” for your school?

Aleta May

Reflection Week 9

EDET677 Mechanical Applications of Technology

Essential Question: What would you need to coordinate a “Maker Day” for your school?

This week’s initial post was very productive for me! I learned about distinct/yet related elements that a Make Day consists of from readings.

Since the topic of advertising for a Maker Day came up, I created a piktochart infogram for an event at my school: I chose the design background to emphasize the design thinking and challenges that go with this.

I especially enjoyed reading from the site regarding how a facilitator of an event needs to participate—beginning with Don’t Judge—leaving out value judgments. Advice from also explains that although beginning a project with a prototype is beneficial, it should become a springboard for people to create their own ideas.

I was very excited to find a very up-to-date and just in time Maker Education: Reaching All Learners video clip to include in this post. It is an excellent overview of what making, using technology and ways to allow us to see students in action, safely using a variety of equipment.

Through the many resources listed in my reference section of this initial blog post, I can now refer back to ways to get making started and how it can look over time.

Below are responses I made to classmates, and replies I received back:


What an excellent idea to include other schools and the community at large. Even with our villages being separated from each other and the main district office. There is a budget for sports travel, Lego Robotics, and I’ve seen it come together at our school for students in our choir to fly to Dillingham and Nome. I wonder if we could set Maker Days in Bethel at the high school gym? I know it is not cost effective to send every school at once, or even reasonable, but I can visualize two things. One is to have Maker Days within our own school. Another is to bring perhaps bring in grade level groups to Bethel so they can see each other’s ideas and creations. Some adult chaperones (often a teacher and parents) from each community could attend.

Having committees “consider which locations in the school” to use and decorate, and another group planning the activities is a great way to organize the group. I had not thought of the pottery or the wide range of art in the list you made.

I noticed a sign at an Oregon Home Depot advertising for the vendors to come help people transplant a plant of their choice into a pot of their choice.

Also, I was not aware of culture camps supported by Native corporations. Maybe our students could be involved in these in grade level groups/ranges.



Mini maker faires sound like a good way for educators (like myself) who are new to setting up a multi-project event like this. Organizing the event into these 5 areas seems like a it would also lend itself well to delegating jobs to pairs or groups of staff members or community volunteers.

Thank you so much for sharing the Maker Challenges with 19 challenges list!

I think my favorite challenge, although it is difficult to narrow it down to one, is Musical Marshmallows


After reading your opening paragraph, I believe George Mason”s ideas merge well with Martinez and Stager. It seems that Martinez and Stager have a focus on using modern tools to solve problems; while George Mason is seeing a wide open door for makers in areas like carpentry, plumbing, etc. which for which there is a shortage of in Canada.

Collaborating multiple ages to me seems important because, in my view, we have divided students by certain ages and grade levels to an extreme. Our students do not all mature at the same time and they don’t all learn the same things at the same time either. Usually many older students will volunteer to help younger students on a project they solved in the past (or a similar one).   The groupings of grade levels in Sitka seem like natural ranges for starting Maker Spaces. Even these could be mixed up in future groups—especially toward the end of the school year, 1st Graders might move over to the 2nd – 4th Grade group while the 5th Graders move up to the middle school group (it is really awesome that you want to include younger students in your maker group), and 8th up to the high school group – so they can see and participate in what the older group ranges are working on.

Yes, planning for days to have Maker Space events would be different across Alaska! In our community, we don’t use school buses since we have boardwalks. But we would need to plan around times when students are helping out with subsistence food provisions on the weekends.

It is wonderful that you already have experience with a hands-on science day for Science Saturday. This would fold right over into organizing a Maker Day (different, but similar enough).



Week 9 Response

First of all, your Maker Day plan is very insightful and well organized. Reading your post inspired me to rethink what I can do for students at school by referring to my own family as an analogy.

As I read your opening statement, I thought about my own immediate family. First of all, my husband learned at home so many things about “how things work” just by being encouraged to go into the shop and take apart radios, old TVs; as well as, watching his dad work on motors and building his own house. His older brother invited him to come to Alaska to help wire his house, so Dan learned another new skill. He has taught shop class mechanics at Chemawa Indian School in Salem, Oregon, until this class was discontinued (along with art) for a focus on academic skills. This summer he has changed the brakes of our van, changed the hose of our 1998 Oldmobile, since it had overheated. My 29 year old-daughter helped him do this. Dan will not fix major issues without involving either our daughter or soon to be husband. This is what I would term family apprenticeship. Last summer, she and Dan replaced two door frames and door.

I am a seamstress, though I have not used this skill much lately. This week, I will be altering the shoulders and length of my granddaughter’s dress for the wedding on July 31st. My intention is to start teaching her how to sew when we come back home in the winter and next summer.

Dan built an amazing treehouse for our 2 grandkids, plus our 2 new grandkids who come on a 50/50 custody schedule. So far, they have learned how to put stain on the treehouse, name drill bits or screwdrivers properly, and watched a Treehouse Master at work. Our soon to be son-in-law helped as well when he and Dan were not outside wiring the shop, we put concrete in ourselves last summer.

We know that it is our role to pass the baton over to the next generation so that they know how to pull up a water pump, identify the problem (corroded wires) and replace these. Otherwise, they immediately go toward hiring people to do this for them and they cannot afford this. (We have many other demands on our monies, so we cannot either).

So to me, Maker Day is all about taking back our traditional ways of learning how to do things and helping others to learn what we know as we learn from them.


  • Just a few thoughts:
  • – Your Piktochart is excellent. What a great way to spread the word about Maker Day! You were able to include a lot information. Your design and colors are very positive and inviting.
  • – The video you embedded showed a school that is really into Making. It’s inspiring to see teachers, parents, the principal and superintendent all supportive of Making.
  • – The concept of a “beginner’s mindset” for Maker Day is interesting especially “don’t judge” and “question everything”. This all makes a lot of sense to me. Planning an event such as a Maker Day can make for a fixed mindset. But taking a step back once it’s up and running to take on a beginner’s mindset may be advantageous.




Thank you! I enjoyed making a Piktochart. It is getting easier for me with practice.

That video inspired me too—as how possible it is and why the kids would love it! I wonder it we could tie this to migrant education funding?

Yes, I think it is easy to forget to observe the overall picture when we get involved in individuals’ projects. It is good to have a balance of both.

It was so nice to hear from you Teresa. Your time is valuable to me—I know you are working very hard in several courses. You’re nearly there!




Week 9 Reflection EDET678; Essential Question: Does every school need a “BYOD” policy?

Aleta May

Emerging Technology EDET678

Week 9 Reflection

There are so many facets to bring your own device (BYOD) policy. Bring your own technology (BYOT) is another way to word this. There are concerns like students being distracted or finding their own ways to work around network sites that are not allowed. Stenger, in an article by Bruder (2014) shares the concerns of some other people that a gap for lower income students would be widened and that it “enshrines inequity” (p. 15). Stenger also questioned the impact BYOD would have on teachers. Others bring up the fact that “banning technology devices is fruitless” (Bruder, p. 15).

The advantages, in my opinion; and after much research and discussion with classmates during a Twitter session this week, and feedback on my blog post; far outweighs the disadvantages. We need to prepare students to use devices with proper etiquette for the school setting to prepare them for the more formal workplaces and/or college programs they will be in. Some examples include using cell phones in class for research, to participate in or create live polls, Skype with people in other schools across the country or even across the world (Bruder).

A list of rules and consequences for appropriate/inappropriate use of BYOD needs to be created and enforced by the entire staff. The issue of teachers consistently enforcing rules came up in a blog post. I believe if a teacher has a project going on that may appear to “expand the rules,” this could alleviate mistrust among staff if this is communicated at a weekly staff meeting ahead of time.

Security of devices can be handled in many ways. One example from the Bruder (2014) article is to keep student devices secured in a cabinet or by locking a classroom, such as during gym time or class transitions if needed. I think the main point is that we can manage the use of devices and educate our students about why we are following these policies so they may learn.

This week, I expanded my understanding on BYOD, though I had studied about this in a course last semester. This topic is extensive! But it is worth addressing and adjusting later on down the road as issues arise or unforeseen apps come out.


Bruder, P. (2014).  Gadgets go to school:  The benefits and risks of BYOD (BYOD).  NJEA Review, 87 December 2013.

Below are blog responses I received this week and the replies I gave to each:

Friday Posts:


Week 9 BYOD Policies

I have the very same concerns when a handful of staff members enforces any rules. With technology devices, this is an even bigger concern! There are many dangers, and distractions that come with students not following device Internet use policies. Every district needs an effective device / Internet use policy with or without BYOD. It is a matter of safety, respect, learning etiquette. Also, when students are freely using devices in several classes, some of our students are actually being asked by adults outside the school to come home to babysit or to meet them with 4-wheeler keys. While in our community just about everyone knows everyone, we have had an incident where someone was called / texted and someone came flying in threatening one of our students. This created a school lockdown—it all began with inappropriate cell phone use at school during class time.

I agree that the positives of BYOD far outweigh the negatives! Policies and insistence from leadership that everyone reinforce policies (from custodians who know the rules and see students, hall monitors, teachers, teacher assistants, and any staff members) are absolutely needed. Educators need professional development on ways to monitor use, teach policies to students and why these are important, in the classroom.



What a great way to track students, such as the “identity-based policies for web and network access” and “Location-based BYOD technologies” you wrote about.

The questions asked on the BYOD in the ASD flyer serve as an outline to put the issues of many parents’ concerns right out on the table. The school can control this well, but we still need to invite parents to contribute to ways to solve these problems with the school. I view our roles as interwoven—parents are responsible for their students, and at school, we share this responsibility and need to review BYOD positives and negatives with the school board in an open session with all stakeholders.

I believe I would be a parent who would want my child to carry a cellphone—for their own safety and to communicate with me regarding transition to afterschool activities. What if I got delayed in traffic? I want to be able to contact my child and school in order to make a plan.

Your post really got me thinking—thank you for the insights!




July 15, 2016 at 11:49 pm

Your comment is awaiting moderation.

@Jjleach757Leach Hi Josie 🙂 I responded to your awesome post! It is waiting for moderation. Aleta

That is awesome—I did not know that you were a tech for the ASD for over 5 years! Good point that students’ technology devices opens up so many opportunities, possibilities and never thought of previously, avenues for learning.

I wonder if some of the programs (such as certain math or reading programs purchased by the school) they need are contracted for school use devices only? Fortunately, I know that some programs are catching on to allowing students the option of using programs at home as well, which means the program would be on their own personal devices anyway.

Pre-sessions with instructors would help. Also, having links for teachers to click on that connect to how to use the 100+ mobile devices would save teachers so much time to not have to look these up on their own.

Great idea—having students sign-up on a sheet to report problems, sounds like a way to report issues. Were these only problems that regard the mechanical operations of the device? I wonder if they had a place to anonymously report device abuses.



I agree that we need an overall district policy that leaves room for school adaptation to their unique needs. This may also be run past the larger school board to avoid too many limitations that overly restrict each school’s autonomy.

It does seem fair that each student’s family should take responsibility for providing their own device, if they already own one and bring it to school anyway.   The question I have then is how fair is it to have several students using the one student’s personal device? There are potential abuses here as well.

Teaching students “to bridge the gap between school and home” with their own personal devices, especially since parents usually want their child(ren) to have a cell phone at school anyway, seems to be the best route to take. Teaching students how to use devices make it more useful to them for homework and draws them into general research of their own interest. Brining their phones to school improves communications between students and family as needed at school—it also seems fair then that students (and their parents) would be willing to allow teachers and administrators to quickly look at texting to make sure it is being used for home communication and not social media that has nothing to do with school projects.



From Gerald:

One Response to EDET678 Emerging Technologies: Essential question: Does every school need a “BYOD policy?

                  unicyclepro says: 
.comment-author .vcard July 16, 2016 at 5:27 pm (Edit) 
.comment-meta .commentmetadata I am very lucky to be in a district that values technology, and encourages its use in the class or in any manner that would increase student achievement. Our high school has an array of airports in all parts of the school, a large amount of laptops, iPads, Chromebooks, and graphing calculators. Not quite a one-to-one school, but probably close. I’ve talked to the IT director on a regular basis, and even though we have the devices for students to use, there is always the issue of maintenance, repair, and loss of equipment. No technology lasts forever. (Well I’ve used some 1990s graphing calculators that still operate great!) But our budget is shrinking, and the district can foresee the use of BYOD in the near future. So they have put a lot of their funding to the infrastructure(increasing broadband width, increased wi-fi access through airports, increased monitoring of network use) It is working, but teachers are slow to use BYOD in the class. Soon we will be forced to have students use BYOD. It will be a challenging transition.

To Gerald,

aletakmay says:

July 17, 2016 at 5:20 am (Edit)

Hi Brian,

I’m so glad your district is so supportive of technology. Ours is as well. I believe it would help to keep our IT’s across such a wide exspanse of land area up-to-date with repair a little better; with that said–this is no small job!! I’m glad your 1990s graphing calculators work great; I hereby grant a hopeful blessing on your getting updates as well. With 2017 you may soon have calculators that are 30 years old–I want the best for you.

I agree, after all the reading that moving funding toward infrastructure is majorly important. We have great devices, and I believe we need increased wi-fi access through airports for the same reasons you describe.

Thanks for the conversation!


triciaturley05 says:

July 17, 2016 at 3:20 pm (Edit)


I knew that fairness was a big concern through my own research on this topic, but considering it a matter of civil rights takes that fairness to another level. I don’t think that fairness would be a problem if the BYOD policy was used for those students who just choose to bring devices, if they are not required to use them in class. However, requiring students to bring their own devices to use, or providing students with a device that is inferior to those devices of their peers is a big deal and should be made a big deal. Schools will need to take extra precautions to prevent this inequity from occurring.

To Tricia,


The point you make between students just being allowed to choose to bring devices, as opposed to being required to bring devices is just a good way to compare/contrast the differences. Thank you for your input!